This week, Michael Bloomberg and Charles Koch co-authored an op-ed in The Wall Street Journal to highlight how free speech has eroded on college campuses, the very place where open inquiry has historically been celebrated, protected, and enshrined as necessary to students’ intellectual growth.
This deterioration is troubling, because free expression is essential to all we, as Americans, hold dear: It allows us to engage with people with whom we disagree through civil debate, and it promotes the free flow of ideas, which leads to discovery, innovation, and growth.
Hostility toward free speech and views that contradict or challenge the “majority” view has long been a tactic used to silence dissent in the face of discrimination and injustice, but social progress also depends on the free flow of ideas. As Bloomberg and Koch write:
“Whether in economics, morality, politics or any other realm of study, progress has always depended upon human beings having the courage to challenge prevailing traditions and beliefs. Many ideas that the majority of Americans now hold dear—including that all people should have equal rights, women deserve the right to vote, and gays and lesbians should be free to marry whom they choose—were once unpopular minority views that many found offensive. They are now widely accepted because people were free to engage in a robust dialogue with their fellow citizens.”
Bloomberg and Koch are not alone in their observation that college campuses are less welcoming to open discourse than they were in years past. Last year, President Obama commented on the importance of engaging with people who hold different views, particularly in college. As recently as last week, he made similar remarks during his commencement speech at Howard University.
Practicing respect and civility in the face of challenging speech raises the level of discourse and ultimately increases peace and progress. That’s why the Charles Koch Institute and Charles Koch Foundation are dedicated to promoting a culture of toleration, free speech, and open inquiry. As part of this effort, the Institute recently awarded its first annual Prize for American Free Speech, and the Foundation requests proposals for research projects related to toleration.